Should a 60-year-old post-menopausal woman be helped to have a child using Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ARTs)? What do you think? What did first-year Japanese undergraduate medical students think? And most importantly why? Can the students be guided to develop their reasoning and reflective capacity to make justified conclusions? Can they build up their knowledge, seek and understand different perspectives, and co-construct action plans? This webinar will share the students’ start-of-life, therapeutic relationship, end-of-life, genetics and human research opinions, reflections and presentations. Can we see evidence of the students’ reasoning skill development?